Jumat, 27 Januari 2012

Toxoplasma - Reducing and Preventing

Toxoplasma Reducing and Preventing
Toxoplasma is a disease caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, which can be transmitted by cats. But not only cats that can be a mastermind of the spread of the disease toxoplasmosis. Toxoplasma can attack all types of wildlife, including birds, fish, rabbits, dogs, pigs, goats and other mammals, even humans.

These parasites can also be found in undercooked meat, soft-boiled eggs, fruits or vegetables contaminated with pet feces that contain Toxoplasma oocytes, one form of Toxoplasma that can cause infection.

What are the consequences if a pregnant woman suffering from Toxoplasma?

Based on several studies, about 40 percent of pregnant women with toxoplasma in early pregnancy, the fetus will be born infected, and 15 percent experienced miscarriage or premature birth. Some 17 percent of fetuses infected in the first trimester, 24 percent in the second trimester, and 62 percent in the third trimester.

The results of other studies have also said that 90 percent of infected infants can be born with a normal, although 80-90 percent of these infants may suffer from impaired vision to blindness after several months or several years after birth, and 10 percent can have a hearing loss.

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Toxoplasmosis in infants can cause abnormalities in the nerves, eyes, and systemic disorders such as pale, yellow, fever, enlarged liver and spleen or bleeding. Impaired nerve function can lead to psychomotor developmental delay in the form of mental retardation (intelligence interruption or delay in speech development), as well as spasms and stiffness that eventually lead to delays in motor development.


Infection in infants is also potentially causing birth defects, especially when it occurs in early pregnancy up to three months. Toxoplasma can also cause encephalus (do not have the bones of the skull), hydrocephalus (enlarged head), and even death.

Can it be treated?
Toxoplasmosis can be treated. With early screening and treatment, transmission to the baby will be reduced to a minimum. In addition, proper early treatment during early pregnancy will significantly reduce the possibility of fetal infection. See your doctor to get Spiramycin or pyrimethamine plus sulfadiazine.

Symptoms of symptoms experienced by someone who is suffering from Toxoplasma?

80-90% normal people show no symptoms. only 10-20 percent showed symptoms. In adults Toxoplasma usually causes symptoms such as:
Sore throat
Enlarged lymph nodes including the liver and spleen
Disorders of the skin
Symptoms are usually mild and heal itself within a few months. most people would assume that he had mild flu and not have to go to the doctor. anyway if you go too, the doctor was very rare that thinking towards Toxoplasma infection.

How to tell if we are suffering from Toxoplasma or not?

One of them by conducting laboratory tests, called TORCH. Namely the examination through four types of tests, parasite Toxoplasma, Rubella virus, Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and herpes viruses. There masing2 IgM and IgG test it.

You can prevent the spread of Toxoplasma by doing the following:

People who are not women who are pregnant or otherwise problematic immune circuitry cleaning animal cages every day. Cleaning every day is very important because the feces of infected cats can transmit after 36-48 hours.

Use rubber gloves or disposable when memberishkan cage. After that hand washing using soap evenly.
Should provide in the form of dry cat food, canned, or cooked evenly. Keep your own they are not looking for prey.

Do not eat meat raw or undercooked meat or unpasteurized milk. Cook meat thoroughly and evenly. Wash your hands and other equipment in contact with red meats, such as cutting boards, knives, and the washing bath.
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Wash fruits and vegetables are grown primarily with dishwashing soap, rinse clean. Use gloves when gardening. You do not know where cat feces strewn plain. After that, wash your hands. Toxoplasma - Reducing and Preventing 
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